Essay on E-waste in english

Essay on E-waste in english

In modern times, every household owns a computer, i-pad, television, cell phones. In short ‘screens’ of myriad sizes, are in front of our eyes all the time. Today, three out of four Indians possess mobile phones. One out of every five people has access to computers. The unavoidable consequence is that the nation of more than a billion individuals is generating tonnes of dangerous ‘electronic waste’. E- waste or electronic waste refers to discarded electronic products ranging from computers, equipment of (ICT), home appliances and peripherals of these devices.

The rapid boom in the IT industry has led to a surge in the usage of electronic gadgets. The latter get out-of-fashion and redundant at a fast pace, as a result of which they are discarded more frequently. This generates large amounts of toxic e-wastes.


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E-wastes comprise a witch’s mix of hazardous chemicals like cadmium, lead, mercury, poly-chlorinated biphenyls, besides plastics and glass. These contents leach into the soil from landfills and contaminate water bodies. E-wastes when burnt, also release poisonous gases in air.

E-wastes if not handled properly, can cause serious health hazards. According to National Centre for Biotechnology Information, these risks include silicosis, cuts from Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) glass, inhalation of mercury, tin and lead Compounds from circuit boards, acid contact with eyes and skin, and circulatory failure.

E-waste has woven a large informal sector in Indian cities that is involved in segregation and dismantling electronic items. Lamington road or Crawford market in Mumbai, SP market in Bengaluru and Nehru Place, Seelampur or Seemapuri in Delhi, all are hubs of e-waste disposal sites. Mumbai tops the list of e-waste generating cities, followed by Delhi and Bengaluru.

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    Ten states in India generate 70% of the total e-waste. Among developing nations, India is one of the largest producers of e-waste. Also, India is the destination for many developed nations to ship out their own e-wastes. However, it has been found
    that dismantling units in India are poorly equipped, as a result of which less than 5% of the e-waste gets recycled. Also, workers here work in dangerous conditions, without any protection or safety measures.

    In 2012, Government passed the E-waste Management and Handling Rules Law, which states that agencies must have licenses and comply with pollution standards, and labour laws. A fine of upto 1 lakh and jail of upto 7 years would be announced on the violators. The consumers must also take responsibility for their own old electronic goods. They must ensure that their e-waste is deposited at authorised collection centres, or recyclers certified by Central Pollution Control Board and Union Ministry of Environment and Forests.

    Education, awareness and safety gears must be provided to the poor workers, who earn their livelihood in this sector. E-wastes is one of the most harmful of all wastes that we generate. It is the inevitable and unwelcome gift of modern technology. Let us pledge to dispose them in the most environment friendly way, so as to cause least damage to Mother Earth.

    E-waste is thrown away electronic devices or parts that no longer work. This includes old computers, smartphones and televisions along with other electronics devices.

    Throwing away electronic stuff properly is important. This is because they usually have harmful things like lead, mercury and cadmium inside them. Throwing things away the wrong way can make nature dirty, soil unclean and hurt people’s health from getting out harmful stuff.

    People can throw away used electronics the right way by recycling or giving them to others who need them. In many places, special centers or events have been set up to recycle electronic waste. It’s important to use good recycling services that follow friendly nature practices.

    Throwing away e-waste the wrong way can cause harm to nature. Bad things can get into dirt and water, hurting nature and animals. Burning electronic waste lets out bad chemicals into the air, making pollution and warming of our planet worse.

    Different actions are trying to deal with the increasing e-waste issue in the world. Certain countries have made rules and policies for dealing with e-waste. Being part of international groups and non-government organizations can help in making people aware, setting up systems for recycling electronic waste, and asking others to handle toss out done with good care.

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