Essay on Krishna Janmashtami

Krishna Janmashtami

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India is a country of diverse religion and dynamic culture where every religion celebrates many festivals such as Holi, Dussehra, Diwali, Raksha Bandhan, Eid-ul-Fitr, Pongal, Lohri, Ganesh Chaturthi, and many more throughout the year. Each Indian festival has its unique way of celebration, but something remains common like distribution of sweets, wearing new clothes, and sharing happiness with our near and dear.

Festivals have special importance in our country as it symbolizes the prosperity and heritage of our culture. It gives us a sense of enjoyment, relaxation, breaks the monotony of life, brings us closer every year, and offers the time needed to bond with family members. Janmashtami is also the festival that embraces joy in our lives and strengthens the bond of community.

Importance of Janmashtami celebration

Out of many happiest festivals, one is Janmashtami or Krishna Janmashtami that is celebrated to commemorate the birth of Krishna, the eighth and the most powerful human incarnation of Lord Vishnu. It is also known as “Gokulashtami”. Janmashtami is an annual Hindu festival that lies on Ashtami of Krishna Paksha, i.e., the eighth day of the dark fortnight. According to the Hindu lunisolar calendar, it falls in the month of Bhadrapada, and according to the Gregorian Calendar, it overlaps in August or September.

The story behind the birth of Lord Krishna is very amusing and popular. It is believed that he was born around 5200 years ago in Yadava clan of Mathura to Queen Devaki and her husband, King Vasudeva. Kansa was the Devaki’s brother, who was cruel and usurped the throne of Mathura forcefully from his father. Kansa agreed to let Devaki marry Yadav Prince Vasudeva in the hope of capturing Yadav clan. But when Devaki got married, a fortune-teller warned Kansa that one of the offspring of his sister would bring his end.


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After that, Kansa imprisoned Devaki along with Vasudeva and killed all their children just after their birth. However, on the night of Krishna’s birth, a bright light filled up the prison, and Vasudeva took Krishna across the Yamuna river and leave him with his friend Nand and Yashoda. On the same night, Yashoda had also given birth to a baby girl. So, Vasudeva secretly carried the girl child to the prison and managed to save his eighth son.

Lord Krishna grew up in Gokul with ‘gwalas’, and all his childhood incidences are famous as ‘Krishna Leela’. Radha was the closest friend to Lord Krishna, who occupied an extraordinary place in his heart. As time passed, Krishna grew up and moved to Mathura to fulfill the main motive of his Avatara. He killed the tyrant ruler Kansa and established peace and harmony among people. Lord Krishna had also played an essential role as a political reformer and philosopher in an epic battle of Mahabharata. People celebrate the festival of Krishna Janmashtami wholeheartedly all over the country, especially in Mathura and Vrindavan.

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    Janmashtami celebration, janmashtami celebration ideas

    Gokulashtami is a holy festival of Hindu, celebrated with great zeal and pomp. Many devotees keep fasting, sing devotional songs, night vigils (Ratri-Jagran) and perform many different rituals and ceremonies to make lord Krishna happy. They also decorate their houses, and women draw tiny footprints toward their home, symbolizing that lord Krishna is entering their houses. Temples are crowded with multiple Pujas, Bhajan, Satsang, and various Mantra chanting. Krishna was born at midnight thus, people worship the statue of Krishna and break their fasting by sharing sweets and food in the early hours of the morning. People spend the whole day dancing and singing songs of Lord Krishna, and many communities organize ‘Ras Leela’ or ‘Krishna Leela’ to enact the life of Krishna.

    Another way of celebrating Krishna Janmashtami is the Dahi-Handi ritual. Lord Krishna was named ‘Makhanchor’, the one who steal butter as he used to steal butter with his friend from the kitchen of ‘gwalas’. Dahi-Handi is an event where the butter stealing activity of lord Krishna is narrated. An earthen pot, filled with butter and milk, is suspended with the help of rope and local guys gathered to make a human pyramid to reach the Handi and break it. Other than India, this festival is celebrated in Nepal, Bangladesh, Fiji, Pakistan, and the US. Therefore, Janmashtami is a day that is filled with celebration, happiness, and joy.

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    Lord Krishna is the god of love, affection, compassion, and tenderness. He used to play the flute symbolizing the power of love through divine music. Lord Krishna has taught us to follow the path of honesty and victory of truth over evils. Hence, the sole reason for the Janmashtami celebration is to bring people together to strengthen the principle of unity and consonance. Moreover, Janmashtami enriches enthusiasm, positivity, and eliminate the feeling of communal hatred.

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