Essay on population explosion

population explosion in India

A Hurdle in India’s Growth

It is rightly said that the shortcoming or the human race is our inability to understand the exponential function”. For countries like Spain. Canada and Italy, where the population is decreasing, population explosion might. the considered as a boon. But for a developing country like India, population explosion is nothing but a curse which is damaging the development of the country and its society. As we all know India is a developing nation in the world which has been recording tremendous growth in all fields.

Big and developed nations like America and Russia are extending a hand of friendship towards India for its rapid developments in major fields like science and technology. However, the menace of overpopulation is appearing to be a hurdle in our nation’s growth.

Population is one of the key issues in the present era which drags everyone’s attention towards it. Overpopulation is defined as the condition in which the population density increases to a limit that threatens to impair the environment by diminution of natural resources, deterioration in quality of life, and population crash.

The problem of unrestrained population growth found to be one of the major issues of recent time as it affects the welfare and happiness of not only of the citizens of India, but all the world population.

Current population of India as per 2011 census is 1.24 billion. India accounts for only 2.4% of world’s surface area (135 million sq km) while supports 17-5% of the entire world’s population. Shocking isn’t it? It is said that the annual growth of population for any nation should be 0.2-0.5% while for India it is 2%. India’s population at the time of independence Was only 52 crore.


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Since independence, it has tripled. The phenomenal growth rate in population is largely because of the industrial and technological revolutions that have taken place in the recent times. The new technologies have not only brought down the death rate because the vastly improved Medicare resulting in increased life expediencies. but has also facilitated increased food production to take care of food needs of the increasing population.

However, in India, one other factor has contributed to the exponential rise of population and that is poverty. Poor people think that more hands to work means more money would come into the household while forgetting that it also means more mouths to feed.

The overpopulation problem not only has environmental concerns but it has also raised serious socio-economic issues. With the growth of food grains not keeping pace with the increase in population during some years because of the unfavourable weather conditions, the spectre of hunger haunts millions of households in the country.

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    Even when the country is fortunate enough to have a bumper crop, these hungry households do not have the economic strength or purchasing power to buy the required food grains. The phenomenal population growth exerts immense pressure on other basic necessities like education, health, housing, clothing, employment opportunities etc. With employment opportunities in the rural areas becoming scarce, population explosion is resulting in increasing migration of rural poor to the urban areas in search of jobs. The increasing pressure on the urban areas is giving rise to more number of slums and this is multiplying the problems in the urban areas as health is the first casualty in slums.

    To check the ill-effects of population growth, the Indian Government launched the in 1951. This was later rechristened as the Family Welfare Programme. This programme promotes on voluntary basis, a responsible and planned parenthood. Unfortunately, due to lack of awareness, the population continues to rise at a rapid pace.

    Hence, the important thing that can play a vital role in decreasing population is awareness about its ill-effects. Education and postponement of marriage until a mature age can also play their part. Better job opportunities and eradication of poverty are also to be considered if we want to see some big change.

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